Cas.75-05-8 Methyl Cyanide Synthesis Acetonitrile
Chemical properties: colorless transparent liquid, the ether like the fragrance. With water, methanol, methyl acetate, acetone, ethyl ether, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride and vinyl miscible.1. Acetonitrile as stable compounds, not easy to oxidation or reduction, but between the carbon and nitrogen for a three button, easy addition reaction. For example: with the addition of hydrogen halides, with the addition of hydrogen sulfide, the presence of inorganic acid and alcohol addition with the addition of acid or acid anhydride.2 hydrolysis occurs in the presence of acid or alkali, to produce amide, further hydrolysis into acid:3 reduction of the formation of amiodarone.4 reacted with Grignard reagent, and the product was hydrolyzed to get ketone.5 acetonitrile can react with sodium, sodium or sodiumSolubility: miscible with water, soluble in alcohol and most organic solvents. Fire and explosion hazards: This product is flammable. Risk characteristics: flammable, and its vapor and air can form explosive mixtures, in case of fire, high fever or contact with oxidants, cause combustion and explosion dangerous. And oxidation agent can send students reacted strongly. Burns with a luminous flame. With sulfuric acid, fuming sulfuric acid, chlorosulfonic acid and perchlorate salt reacts violently.Health hazardInvasive pathways: inhalation, ingestion, absorption through the skin.Health hazard: acute acetonitrile poisoning with hydrocyanic acid slow, several hour incubation period. The main symptoms is weak, unable to, pale, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, chest tightness, chest pain, severe respiratory and circulatory system disorders, shallow breathing, slow and irregular, drop in blood pressure, pulse fine slow and, hypothermia, clonic convulsions and coma. Can have frequent micturition, urine protein.