Mogadon tablets contain the active ingredient nitrazepam, which is a type of medicine called a benzodiazepine. (NB. Nitrazepam is also available without a brand name, ie as the generic medicine.)
Nitrazepam works by acting on receptors in the brain called GABA receptors. This causes the release of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the brain.
Neurotransmitters are chemicals that are stored in nerve cells in the brain and nervous system. They are involved in transmitting messages between the nerve cells. GABA is a neurotransmitter that acts as a natural 'nerve-calming' agent. It helps keep the nerve activity in the brain in balance, and is involved in inducing sleepiness, reducing anxiety and relaxing muscles.
As nitrazepam increases the activity of GABA in the brain, it increases its calming effect and results in sleepiness, a decrease in anxiety and relaxation of muscles.
Nitrazepam is used for the short-term treatment of severe insomnia. It decreases the time taken to fall asleep and nocturnal awakenings, as well as increasing the total amount of time spent sleeping. However, it is only suitable for short-term treatment of insomnia as it has a high potential for dependence and addiction. As nitrazepam remains active in the body for many hours, drowsiness may also last into the next day.
The medicine should be taken shortly before going to bed for the night. You should make sure that you will be able to have an uninterrupted sleep of seven to eight hours.